Bipolar Disorder NOS
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This section of the website will provide an overview of Bipolar disorder. Since Bipolar disorder is diagnostically broken down into four discrete categories, the following will focus on a single sub-category, Bipolar NOS (Not Otherwise Specified), outlining the basic information that is pertinent to this specific classification. Discussion will include a general summary of Bipolar disorder, followed by a brief overview of the diagnostic criteria for Bipolar NOS, its symptoms, and finally treatment methods.
Bipolar Disorder – Learning about the Condition
Bipolar disorder, formally referred to as manic–depressive disorder, is a clinical diagnosis that describes a class of mood disorders that is distinguished by the presence of recurring episodes of atypically heightened energy levels. In addition to heightened energy levels, individuals also experience elevated levels of thinking and mood, frequently accompanied by episodes of intense depression.
The periods in which one experience heightened moods are referred to as bouts of mania, also known as hypomania. It is not uncommon between phases of depression and mania for individuals to experience relatively stable periods, during which their moods occur on a more normal spectrum. However, it is also common for individuals to experience rapid changes in their moods, an occurrence that is referred to as cycling. Frequently, during extreme manic phases, individuals also experience some form of psychosis, which manifests as delusions or hallucinations. This range of experiences is referred to as the manic spectrum.
What is Bipolar Disorder NOS?
Unlike Bipolar I, Bipolar II, or Cyclothymia, Bipolar NOS lacks the specific criteria necessary for a physician to employ when making a diagnosis. Instead, Bipolar NOS is regarded as an umbrella diagnosis, used by the physician when certain symptoms are present, but fail to lodge the condition within a set sub-group. The diagnosis is used to note that an individual experiences symptoms of Bipolar disorder, without falling into Bipolar I, II, or Cyclothymia. These symptoms include:
- Experiencing either hypomania by itself, or hypomania and depression, but the duration of the cycles does not designate themselves a diagnosis of Cyclothymia.
- Experiencing either mania alone, or mania followed by a depressive episode, where a diagnosis of schizophrenia has been made previously.
- Experiencing mania or hypomania without having experienced a bout of depression.
- Experiencing swings from mania to depression, where the duration of either is too short to qualify as a genuine episode.
- Any situation in which the appearance of Bipolar is symptomatically present, but the prescribing physician suspects that the cause is due to alcohol or drug use, or another medical condition.
It should be noted that the absence of diagnostic specifiers in no way lessens or diminishes the seriousness of the condition. Bipolar NOS is a legitimate class of mood disorder that requires treatment and is amenable to certain therapies. If left unchecked, Bipolar NOS can generate havoc in a person’s life and undermine their ability to function.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar NOS
This section describes some of the common symptoms associated with the condition. If you would like to speak with a counselor to learn more about Bipolar disorders call 1 877 415 4673 now.
Symptoms of Bipolar NOS Include:
- Rapidly cycling between manic and depressive episodes.
- Experiencing hypomanic or manic episodes with no depressive episodes.
- Experiencing these symptoms when another disorder such as schizophrenia is present.
Treatment for Bipolar NOS
This section describes some of the common treatment methods for Bipolar Disorder NOS. If you would like to learn more about the dual diagnosis treatment approaches offered at the Authentic Recovery Center call us today.
- Data suggests that regiments of physical exercise can assist with regulating moods and fostering emotional stability.
- Employing various medications, which include ant-seizure medications such as Lamictal, and Depakote; and anti-psychotic medications such as Zyprexa, Risperdal, and Seroquel.
In conjunction with medications, psychotherapy is a vital component of treating Bipolar NOS. The most commonly used therapies include:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which focuses on identifying negative beliefs and destructive patterns of thinking, and replacing them with healthy ones. The fundamental idea is that individuals unconsciously define themselves through faulty self-images and erroneous conclusions regarding their worth. The goal is to make the person aware of when and how they are undermining themselves or fulfilling a negative self-image that ultimately impairs them.
- Group Therapy, which provides social support and education through shared experiences.
- Social Rhythm Therapy (SRT), which focuses on assisting someone to create, and adhere to, a set schedule of work, play, and sleep. The central principle of SRT is that by keeping volatility that accompanies mood swings when, and if, they recur.
There are several treatment goals when attempting to successfully overcome the condition. Some of these are:
- Keeping the condition under consistent observation.
- Using structure to lessen functional disruption.
- Employing medications to prevent the recurrence of cycling moods.
- Providing support for family and loved ones through group therapy and education.
- Establishing routines for sleep and daily itineraries.
- Helping individuals to recognize the warning signs of an onset.
- Identifying stressors that contribute to mood cycling.
No two situations are exactly alike, and thus no two treatment plans will follow exactly the same course. This discussion has only touched on the common denominators common to both Bipolar NOS treatment and its symptoms. Take the time necessary to keep yourself informed about latest practices and current treatment options. Hopefully this article will assist giving you a foundation of knowledge that will make selecting the correct course of treatment easier to determine.
Call to Learn More about the Authentic Recovery Center Today
If you or a loved one is struggling with Bipolar Disorder NOS and substance abuse, call the Authentic Recovery Center today. Our professionals will help you understand more about both our inpatient and outpatient treatment options. The reality is that Bipolar disorders are 100% treatable. Call 1 877 415 4673 to get help with your situation today.